指考英文衝刺4》關係副詞+複合關係代名詞 - 精選閱讀- 聯合新聞網

2006/6/22 - 關係副詞是一個多年來大考幾乎年年都考的概念!介係詞加上關係代名詞若是表示時間、地方、方法與原因時,就可以代換成關係 ...
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■觀念四︰關係副詞

ex : Before that, he lived in a small village _________ he was born.

(A) where  (B) when (C) at which (D) what

李捷這麼說︰關係副詞是一個多年來大考幾乎年年都考的概念!介係詞加上關係代名詞若是表示時間、地方、方法與原因時,就可以代換成關係副詞when、where、how、why。本題原本要填的東西應該是 in which,此時就可以代換成指地方的關係副詞 where。所以,本題的答案當然就是(A) where。

※文法焦點︰「關係副詞」where, when, how, why

(1) where 為表「地方」的關係副詞, 可代換成 in ( on , at ) which。

ex : Before that, he lived in a small village in which he was born. = Before that, he lived in a small village where he was born.

ex : Mary walks into the living room where John is watching TV.

(2) when 為表「時間」的關係副詞, 可代換成 in ( on , at ) which。

ex : I still remember the day on which he arrived. = I still remember the day when he arrived. = I still remember when he arrived.

ex : I remember the time when we went shopping by bicycle.

ex : Ice cream came from the East at the time when Marco Polo saw people eating it there.

(3) how 為表「方法」的關係副詞, 可代換成 in which, 通常 how 不與先行詞the way一起使用,但可用 that 。

ex : He tried to find out the way in which his best friend, John, learned English well. = He tried to find out the way that his best friend, John, learned English well. = He tried to find out how his best friend, John, learned English well.

(4) why 為表「原因」的關係副詞,可代換成 for which 。

ex : Would you please tell me the reason for which you didn’t attend my wedding? = Would you please tell me the reason why you didn’t attend my wedding? = Would you please tell me why you didn’t attend my wedding?

■觀念五︰複合關係代名詞

ex : He didn’t mean ________ he said.

(A) what (B) that (C) which (D) X

李捷這麼說︰怪哉!怪哉!關係代名詞的前面不是應該有一個名詞來當作先行詞的嗎?怎麼這一題沒有呢?所以啊,這是一球變化球啦!關代 which可以跟前面的先行詞 the thing(s) 結合在一起,形成所謂的複合關代。所以,本題的答案當然就是(A) what。

(系列五之四。以上資料由「」提供。)


相關標籤:關係代名詞 關係副詞
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